vermont facts and history

Its original name was “New Connecticut.” Vermont is bordered to the north by Quebec, Canada, to the east by New Hampshire, to the south by Massachusetts, and to the west by New York. The Vermont Historical Society is the only organization in Vermont that collects artifacts, books, and documents that reflect the entire history of the state, including every geographical area and every chronological period. An illustrated timeline lets students discover fascinating facts about Vermont history; Lesson plans and lists of Vermont history books are valuable resources for teachers and homeschool educators. Official Tourism Site of Vermont, United States, Vermont - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Vermont - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). We’ve gathered some cool facts and if you knew them all, well then you get an A+ on todays history lesson. It became independent in 1777 following clashes over land. Area 9,616 square miles (24,906 square km). 13 Incredible, Almost Unbelievable Facts About Vermont. Revolutionary soldier to shed British blood at the Battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775 was Solomon Brown from New Haven, Vermont, who thus fired the first effective shot in the Revolutionary War. Vermont State Archivist, Office of the Secretary of State, Montpelier. First organized to drive settlers from New York out of Vermont, the Green Mountain Boys, led by Ethan Allen, won fame by capturing Fort Ticonderogafrom the British on May 10, 1775, in the early days of the Revolutionary War. It is bordered by New Hampshire, across the Connecticut River (E), Massachusetts (S), New York, with Lake Champlain forming almost half the border (W), and the Canadian province of Quebec (N). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The land of Vermont does not have great variety, but in place of this it substitutes an intensity and pervasiveness of those features it does possess. (Credit: Kenneth Wiedemann/http://www.istockphoto.com). History Exploration and settlement. The largest of the 400 natural lakes entirely in Vermont is Lake Bomoseen, west of Rutland. In Colonial America, New York and New Hampshire both staked claims on Vermont. One of the six New England states lying in the northeastern corner of the country, it was admitted to the union on March 4, 1791, as the 14th state. Winter temperatures can drop to −34 °F (−37 °C) and lower, and summer temperatures rarely rise above 90 °F (32 °C). The first European to explore what is now Vermont is believed to have been the French explorer Jacques Cartier in 1535 who is most famous for his exploration of Canada. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, slightly more than 625,000 people resided in Vermont in 2010, fewer than in every state but Wyoming. The law, however, was not universally enforced. This count is called the census. Barnum in 1873 offered a reward of $50,000 for the “hide of the great Champlain serpent.” The lake monster affectionately known as “Champ” might be imaginary, but a very real Vermont state law has made it a protected species. President Calvin Coolidge was born in Plymouth, Vermont on the 4th of July in 1872. Vermont is a tiny state hidden in the northeast corner of the United States. Two-thirds of Vermont’s covered bridges were destroyed in a flood. Hiker on the Appalachian National Scenic Trail standing on the summit of Mount Mansfield, Vermont, U.S. Mad River, crossed by the Warren Covered Bridge, Warren, Vt. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Vermont was home to a Great Lake—for a few weeks. Native American Indians indigenous to Vermont include the Abenaki tribe and the Iroquois. It is sparsely populated, and its capital, Montpelier, is … Omissions? Although Vermont was hundreds of miles removed from the battlefields of the Civil War, it was the scene of one of the war’s most unexpected attacks. The short growing season and rocky soil make dairying the dominant form of commercial farming. Vermont History Vermont History. The story of Charlotte the Vermont whale. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Vermont copper coinage struck, 1785–1786. At one point in history, Vermont had more cows than people. It wasn’t until the French Indian Wa… While the United States did not declare war on Nazi Germany until December 11, 1941, Vermont declared three months earlier that the two countries were already in “armed conflict.” After the country re-instituted a draft in 1940, the Vermont legislature sought to issue a $10-a-month bonus to those state residents serving in the military, a decision that required a new tax in peacetime. Vermont’s capitol city, Montpelier, is the smallest state capital in the U.S. , with a population of less than 9,000 people. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Vermont, constituent state of the United States of America. Click on a county and then find a town to see how Vermont's population has changed over the years.Or switch to a list of counties or list of towns.. The state tree is the sugar maple, which reflects Vermont’s prominence in maple sugar and syrup production. Vermont was the first state admitted to the Union after the ratification of the Constitution. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? 6. Thirty-one mountains in the state rise above 3,500 feet (1,100 metres), and most of this tilted landscape is rocky with thin topsoil. Environmental factors such as acid rain have affected trees in the higher elevations. County Population Facts. Part of the Missisquoi turns north to flow through Canada before returning to Vermont. It’s bordered by Canada in … When French explorer Samuel de Champlain first arrived in Vermont in 1609 he nicknamed the area 'les Verts Monts' meaning the Green Mountains. Photographs and census records show how Vermont has changed over time. Originally populated by various indigenous peoples of the Algonquin, Iroquois, and Abenaki nations, the land now known as Vermont was first seen by European eyes in 1609, when the French explorer Samuel de Champlain sailed the lake that now bears his name. Its members burned opponents’ houses, rioted against New York sheriffs and attacked rent collectors. Vermont (nicknamed: Green Mountain State) has 14 counties. At one time many of Vermont’s hilltops were cleared for pastures and open fields. The state has its own version of the Loch Ness Monster. Professional Sports Teams There are no major professional sports franchises in Vermont. Explore Vermont’s state historic sites, museums and historic downtowns and immerse yourself in the stories of Vermont. Dig deeper into the history of Vermont and see wh at interesting facts you can discover about this state with a free 7-page state history printable. Green Mountains, near East Bethel, Vermont. 1. Vermont, constituent state of the United States of America. 3. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. However, at the behest of New York, the Continental Congress refused to recognize the new state. Here are seven facts about Vermont you might now know: 1. All Rights Reserved. Vermont, Timeline of State History __ "Scan a chronological timeline of important events and dates in Vermont history including the formation of Lake Champlain and the Champlain valley to present day Vermont." In 1535, French explorer Jacques Cartier was the first European to site Vermont. Overview of Vermont History and Heritage. GEOGRAPHY AND LANDFORMS. In the next century, several European settlements were established throughout Vermont including the British and the Dutch. (Credit: Public Domain). After the American Revolution began, the Green Mountain Boys decided independence from Great Britain was not enough. Fun for all ages. ; 1775 - . Vermont has a huge deer population, and deer hunting is an autumn ritual. The longest river entirely within the state is the Lamoille (85 miles [135 km]), followed by Otter Creek (75 miles [120 km]), which rises in southwestern Vermont and flows northward into Lake Champlain. North of the Taconic Range are the Red Sandrock Hills, which extend along Lake Champlain to St. Albans. More people live in El Paso, Texas, than in Vermont. C reate a map of the state, organize events chronologically, and explore more of the state’s exciting past with writing prompts. In 1998 President Bill Clinton signed a bill that designated Lake Champlain as one of the Great Lakes for the purpose of competing for federal research money under the National Sea Grant Program. That designation was inserted into the legislation by Vermont Senator Patrick Leahy, although hydrologically Lake Champlain lies outside of the Great Lakes Basin and is one-fifteenth the size of Lake Ontario—the smallest of the Great Lakes. Fishing in the lakes and streams, including ice fishing in winter, is popular. Vermont’s mountain ranges are broken by the valleys of only a few rivers, such as the Winooski, Lamoille, and Missisquoi, all flowing westward into Lake Champlain. 1805 - The state capital is moved to Montpelier from Windsor. Vermont adopted the first constitution in North America to ban adult slavery. Updates? 11 Things You Didn’t Know About The History Of Vermont. Two-thirds of Vermont’s covered bridges were destroyed in a flood. In turn, many creative personalities have sought the spiritual refuge offered by the state. Grand Isle County (83 sq mi) is the smallest county in Vermont. Before Vermont became the 14th state, it existed as an independent nation for 14 years. Population (2010) 625,741; (2019 est.) Frustrated by the decision, Vermont started in the fall of 1780 to make overtures to the governor general of Canada to rejoin the British Empire as part of the province of Quebec. 623,989. Also available as a virtual class. Vermont was previously an independent country. You better believe that big things happened in the little Green Mountain State! The State Capitol Building in Montpelier, Vermont. Vermont History Museum, Montpelier, VT. History for Homeschoolers - Made in Vermont. For 14 years Vermont was an independent republic. During the 1700s, both New Hampshire and New York claimed the no man’s land that lay between them. Essex County (6,163) is the least populated county in Vermont. If you already knew all of these facts, well you get an A+ in VT knowledge. From the Canadian to the Massachusetts border, the Connecticut River separates Vermont from New Hampshire. The Highly Toxic Vermont Asbestos Group Mine Site; The Fur Bearing Trout of Lake Memphremagog Concerns about excessive logging have led to state restrictions on clear-cutting. On the Vermont-Massachusetts border, the northern end of the Hoosac Range enters the state, and the Taconic Range rises along the southwestern side. As farmers abandoned the hillsides, the open spaces quickly refilled with trees. It was attacked by Confederate soldiers during the Civil War. 1609 - The area which is today Vermont was first explored by Frenchman Samuel de Champlain in 1609, when he claimed it for his home country. Vermont has never stood in the mainstream of the country’s history, but its people and land have poured into their country a strength and a sense of continuity that joins the achievements of the nation’s past with the purposes of its present. Vermont's history of independent political thought has led to movements for the establishment of the Second Vermont Republic and other plans advocating secession. 1791 - The U.S. Congress admits Vermont as the 14th state. Reported sightings of the enormous lake monster were so prevalent during the 19th century that showman P.T. On the anniversary of Vermont’s statehood, learn 10 surprising facts about the Green Mountain State. 9. Join VHS for virtual Vermont History trivia! Governor Cadwallader Colden, representing the colonial government of New York, claimed territory in what is now Vermont. Vermont experienced rising abolitionist sentiment and subsequently fought on the Union side of the American Civil War. 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