claus von stauffenberg wife

The unit was among the Wehrmacht troops that moved into Sudetenland following its annexation to the Reich as per the Munich Agreement.[13]. Claus von Stauffenberg Biografický portál Claus Philipp Maria Justinian Schenk gróf von Stauffenberg (* 15. november 1907 , Jettingen , Nemecko – † 21. júl 1944 , Berlín ) bol nemecký dôstojník generálneho štábu, organizátor neúspešného atentátu na Hitlera . This requirement greatly reduced the chance of a successful coup. His father was Alfred Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, the last Oberhofmarschall of the Kingdom of Württemberg. Unlike his fellow trainees, however, Claus was interested neither in philandering nor carousing--he preferred to study Russian parallel to his training. +3. Claus Philipp Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (German: [klaʊ̯s ʃɛŋk ɡʁaːf fɔn ˈʃtaʊ̯fn̩.bɛʁk] (listen); 15 November 1907 – 20 July 1944)[1] was a German army officer best known for his failed attempt on 20 July 1944 to assassinate Adolf Hitler at the Wolf's Lair and remove the Nazi Party from power. After the explosion von Stauffenberg saw a dead body being carried out of the building, believed it to be Hitler and notified his fellow conspirators in Berlin so they could put the second part of their plan into motion, which was to seize control of the government. [41], Stauffenberg was aware that, under German law, he was committing high treason. He joined the navy in 1905 at the age of 17. Von Stauffenberg was such a man. Claus Von Stauffenberg summary: Claus von Stauffenberg was an officer of the German army during World War II. A. Nonymous, Other Works "[24] Stauffenberg's friend, Major Joachim Kuhn, was captured by the Red Army. His wife Nina's mother, whom he had met earlier, introduced him to her daughter. [asked if he drank often or much] Gladly often much! Jednak gdy Hitler objął stanowisko kanclerza, zareagował entuzjastycznie. Stauffenberg had von dem Bussche transmit these written orders personally to Major Kuhn once he had arrived at Wolfsschanze (Wolf's Lair) near Rastenburg, East Prussia. Stauffenberg entered the briefing room carrying a briefcase containing two small bombs. [4], The titles "Graf" and "Gräfin" define count and countess, respectively. A guard knocked and opened the door, urging him to hurry as the meeting was about to begin. November 1907–20. ** GRAFIN NINA STAUFFENBURG was the wife of * Colonel Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg , the leader of the failed plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler on 20 July 1944. [37], Kuhn became a prisoner of war of the Soviets after the 20 July plot. It is believed that this actually happened because of disciplinary reasons. Claus Philipp Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg commonly referred to as Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (November 15 th, 1907 – July 21 st, 1944), was a German army officer and aristocrat who was one of the leading members of the failed 20 July plot of 1944 to assassinate Adolf Hitler and remove the Nazi Party from power. Stauffenberg spent three months in a hospital in Munich, where he was treated by Ferdinand Sauerbruch. "[50] On 10 August 1944, Berthold was tried before Judge-President Roland Freisler in the special "People's Court" (Volksgerichtshof). She recalled her husband something of a “devil’s advocate” who was neither a staunch Nazi supporter nor a conservative. Claus von Stauffenberg was born in Jettingen, Germany on November 15, 1907. Met his future wife when she was only 16. He was also a good military leader-colonel-for the Axis German Reich. Stauffenberg's eldest son has said, however, that the children were told of the assassination attempt and their father's role in it by their mother. See more ideas about vons, hitler, operation valkyrie. Tresckow convinced him to go on with it even if it had no chance of success at all, "The assassination must be attempted. Presiding over the household of six boisterous children were Clauss wife, Nina; the c… He openly told young conspirator Axel von dem Bussche in late 1943, "ich betreibe mit allen mir zur Verfügung stehenden Mitteln den Hochverrat..." ("I am committing high treason with all means at my disposal...."). He also attended the poet's funeral in Locarno in 1926. In his youth, he belonged to Stefan George's circle and remained a disciple of the great poet for the rest of his life. Hours after his flight back to Berlin von Stauffenberg was arrested, as were many of the other conspirators. Claus von Stauffenberg (1907–1944) Claus von Stauffenberg was the German officer best known for his failed attempt on July 20, 1944 to assassinate Adolf Hitler, a plot known as Operation Valkyrie. Suffered a broken collarbone when he fell off a horse in 1936. Or was it to save Germany's honour? But he began to have doubts about the Reich after 1934’s Night of the Long Knives. Although some of his fellow conspirators preferred just to arrest Hitler and take over the government, von Stauffenberg was adamant that the entire Nazi system had to be destroyed, including Hitler, which is why he volunteered to carry out the assassination personally, a task made easier by his recent appointment as Chief of Staff. [19][20], Following the outbreak of war in 1939, Stauffenberg and his regiment took part in the attack on Poland. Later in life he also refused to take morphine after he was wounded, to avoid addiction. Showing all 8 items Jump to: Photos (7) Quotes (1) Photos . He wrote of Evans, "In the course of his problematic argument he walks into two traps: 1. by contesting Stauffenberg's "moral motivation"; 2. by contesting Stauffenberg's suitability as role model." [33], For rehabilitation, Stauffenberg was sent to his home, Schloss Lautlingen (today a museum), then still one of the Stauffenberg castles in southern Germany. Canaris was the son of a wealthy industrialist. In 1913 he was involved in a skiing accident that left him requiring stitches on his knee. Berthold had actually taken part in the conspiracy, and he and hundreds of prisoners were sentenced to death by hanging. Alexander Franz Clemens Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (15 March 1905 in Stuttgart – 27 January 1964 in Munich) was a German aristocrat and historian. His widow, who never remarried, died in 2006. He was born in the Stauffenberg Castle Jettingen between Ulm and Augsburg, in the eastern part of Swabia, at that time in the Kingdom of Bavaria, part of the German Empire. [38], On D-Day, 6 June 1944, the Allies had landed in France. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/claus-von-stauffenberg-8579.php Stauffenberg had married Nina Baroness (Freiherrin) von Lerchenfeld on 1933-11-26 in Bamberg. Konstanze von Schulthess is the youngest daughter of unsuccessful Hitler assassin Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg and Nina Schenk Graefin von Stauffenberg. Unfortunately, when General Helmuth Stieff, Chief of Operation at Army High Command, who had regular access to Hitler, backtracked from his earlier commitment to assassinate Hitler, Stauffenberg was forced to take on two critical roles: kill Hitler far from Berlin and trigger the military machine in Berlin during office hours of the very same day. The difference between Stauffenberg, Helldorf and Schulenburg – all of them counts – was that Helldorf had come to the Nazi Movement as a primitive, I might almost say an unpolitical revolutionary. By then, Stauffenberg had great doubts about the possibility of success. His closest intimate, from childhood on, was his brother Berthold. Claus von Stauffenberg was a 'good German' amid a nation of demonised villains. [23], According to Hoffman, citing Brigadier Oskar Alfred-Berger's letters, Stauffenberg had commented openly on the ill-treatment of the Jews when he "expressed outrage and shock on this subject to fellow officers in the General Staff Headquarters in Vinnitsa (Ukraine) during the summer of 1942. He was born one of a set of twins (his other twin, Konrad Maria, only lived for one day after birth). [39] Other demands included keeping such territorial gains as Austria and the Sudetenland within the Reich, giving autonomy to Alsace-Lorraine, and even expansion of the current wartime borders of Germany in the south by annexing Tyrol as far as Bozen and Meran. Stauffenberg, like most other German professional military officers, had absolutely no doubt that the war was lost. His wife, nicknamed "Nina", was born 8/27/1913, which made her nearly six years younger than her husband, in Lithuania (back then Russia) to a German-speaking family. During interrogation on 2 September 1944, Kuhn claimed that Stauffenberg had told him in August 1942 that "They are shooting Jews in masses. Carice van Houten: Nina von Stauffenberg. [7][8][9][10], Like his brothers, he was carefully educated and inclined toward literature, but eventually took up a military career. Stauffenberg's mother was Caroline Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg, née Gräfin von Üxküll-Gyllenband, the daughter of Alfred Richard August Graf von Üxküll-Gyllenband and Valerie Gräfin von Nina and Claus von Stauffenberg were favored by fortune. Who resisted the Third Reich and why did they do it? On 19 February, Rommel launched his counter-offensive against British, American and French forces in Tunisia. The mother mentioned his politeness and that he was a very good dancer, which roused Nina's curiosity. They were aristocrats. They had five children: Berthold, Heimeran, Franz-Ludwig, Valerie and Konstanze. Podziel się Udostęnij Wykop Skomentuj 19 Udostępnij Dziś prezentujemy ciekawą polemikę między wicemarszałkiem Sejmu Stefafem Niesiołowskim a zastępcą redaktora naczelnego „Faktu” Piotrem Bugajskim na temat organizatora zamachu na Hitlera płk. Nina died at the age of 92 on 2 April 2006 at Kirchlauter near Bamberg, and was buried there on 8 April. ", "Claus von Stauffenberg: Hero or Traitor? Noble titles form part of the name only; noble titles may not be granted any more. Trained as a cavalryman, he was still able to break horses when, after his serious injuries, only three of his fingers remained. Claus von Stauffenberg, German army officer who, as the chief conspirator of the July Plot, carried out an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler. count and Schenk (i.e., cupbearer)—an additional hereditary noble title. The courtyard where the officers were shot on 21 July 1944 is now a memorial site, with a plaque commemorating the events and a bronze figure of a young man with his hands symbolically bound which resembles Count von Stauffenberg. Claus von Stauffenberg, podobnie jak inni żołnierze, nie mógł głosować w wyborach. He and his wife had three sons and two daughters: Berthold (named after Claus' brother), Heimeran, Franz-Ludwig, Valerie and Konstanze. Stauffenberg declined at the time, reasoning that all German soldiers had pledged allegiance not to the institution of the presidency of the German Reich, but to the person of Adolf Hitler, due to the Führereid introduced in 1934. In 1943, Stauffenberg was promoted to Oberstleutnant i.G. When he lost his eye, there was concern that he would go blind in his remaining eye, but that never happened. The bomb went off, causing severe damage to the building and killing and wounding several officers, but Hitler escaped with only minor injuries. . Das Leben eines Offiziers. This court was established by Hitler for political offences. [35], After several unsuccessful attempts by Stauffenberg to encounter Hitler, Göring and Himmler at the same time, he went ahead with the attempt at Wolfsschanze on 20 July 1944. For his injuries, Stauffenberg was awarded the Wound Badge in Gold on 14 April and for his courage the German Cross in Gold on 8 May. AKA Claus Philip von Stauffenberg. A Grand Tattoo for him was held on 11/15/ 2007,ll which would have been his 100th birthday, in his birthplace. His parents, Alfred Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg and Caroline Gräfin von Üxküll-Gyllenband, already had given birth to another set of twins, Alexander and Berthold (b. Claus von Stauffenberg Athough German and a member of the military, Claus von Stauffenberg never joined the Nazi party. A charismatic German resistance member and would-be assassin of Adolf Hitler, Claus Phillip Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg was born 15 November 1907, 1:00 a.m. CET, in the family's castle in the small Bavarian town of Jettingen (today known as Jettingen-Scheppach). [55], However, Karl Heinz Bohrer, a cultural critic, literary scholar, publisher,[59] criticized Evans' views in an article originally published in the Süddeutsche Zeitung, 30 January 2010. Due to the heat, … ... Stauffenberg must have been informed of Gisevius's background and it cannot have inspired his confidence. He also visited England for several weeks twice. Claus Philipp Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (pol. [11] It was around this time that the three brothers were introduced by Albrecht von Blumenthal to the poet Stefan George's influential circle, Georgekreis, from which many notable members of the German resistance later emerged. Oct 20, 2018 - Explore Pat Oldcrofty TommysGirl's board "Claus Von Staueffenberg" on Pinterest. [43], Stauffenberg's part in the original plan required him to stay at the Bendlerstraße offices in Berlin, so he could phone regular army units all over Europe in an attempt to convince them to arrest leaders of Nazi political organisations such as the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) and the Gestapo. [17], Moreover, Stauffenberg remained a practicing Catholic. It had been unusually hot and humid that day. The Torfels near Meßstetten Bueloch had been visited many times. Originally wanted to become a musician or an architect. 15 listopada 1907 w Jettingen w Bawarii, zm. [61], Stauffenberg married Nina Freiin von Lerchenfeld on 26 September 1933 in Bamberg. On 1 August 1944, for his role in the Plot’s collapse, Fliessbach was promoted to colonel. After his exit, the briefcase was moved by Colonel Heinz Brandt. |  Oberkommando des Heeres ("Army High Command"; OKH) directed operations on the Eastern Front. The young officer also became more and more successful in his career, and at his various promotions was often the youngest of his rank, due mainly to his variety of skills and outstanding organizational abilities. Pregnant Nina von Stauffenberg, who barely had known anything about the plot, was taken into clan liability and gave birth to daughter Konstanze on 27 January 1945, in a Nazi maternity clinic. Although Stauffenberg succeeded in placing a bomb in Hitler’s headquarters at Rastenburg (July 20, 1944), the explosion failed to kill Hitler. The location had unexpectedly been changed from the subterranean Führerbunker to Albert Speer's wooden hut due to the heat on this summer's day. His regiment became part of the German 1st Light Division under General Erich Hoepner, who had taken part in the plans for the September 1938 German Resistance coup, cut short by Hitler's unexpected diplomatic success in the Munich Agreement. When Joseph Goebbels announced by radio that Hitler had survived and later, after Hitler spoke on the state radio, the conspirators realised that the coup had failed. Berthold, along with the youngest brother Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, is known for leading the July 20 Plot against Hitler in 1944. But by the beginning of September 1943, after a somewhat slow recovery from his wounds, he was propositioned by the conspirators and was introduced to Henning von Tresckow as a staff officer to the headquarters of the Ersatzheer ("Replacement Army" – charged with training soldiers to reinforce first line divisions at the front), located on the Bendlerstrasse (later Stauffenbergstrasse) in Berlin. During a dancing lesson he met the mother of his future wife Nina, who raved about him to her daughter when she came home from boarding school. Joachim Fest; Hitler – Eine Biographie; Propyläen, Berlin; 2. These proposals were only directed to the Western Allies – Stauffenberg wanted Germany only to retreat from western, southern and northern positions, while demanding the right to continue military occupation of German territorial gains in the east. Claus von Stauffenberg. His mother was an Austrian-born countess form Eastern Prussia. His military record was impeccable. |  Stauffenberg said, "It is essential that we begin a systemic colonization in Poland. When his turn came, Stauffenberg spoke his last words, "Es lebe das heilige Deutschland!" [18] On top of this, the growing systematic ill-treatment of Jews and suppression of religion had offended Stauffenberg's strong sense of Catholic morality and justice. Tresckow began to recruit allies, eventually including Lieutenant Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, scion of one of the oldest and most respected families in southern Germany. When he turned and made his way back along the corridor, they shot at Claus, wounding him. Nina and Claus von Stauffenberg | Bundesarchiv Bild via Wikipedia. He studied modern weapons at the Kriegsakademie in Berlin-Moabit, but remained focused on the use of horses—which continued to carry out a large part of transportation duties throughout World War II—in modern warfare. In 1989, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev presented these documents to then-German chancellor Dr. Helmut Kohl. Then they saw Claus von Stauffenberg, and tried to capture him. He only wanted to end the war in the West against the democracies, not the war in the East against the Soviet Union. Von Stauffenberg was one of the few officers who had direct access to Hitler's headquarters in Rastenburg, Eastern Prussia. He would quote George's The Anti-Christ when recruiting friends and trusted colleagues into the conspiracy. His military record was impeccable. Stauffenberg, Schulenberg and their clique wanted to drop no more ballast than was absolutely necessary; then they would paint the ship of state a military gray and set it afloat again (p. Stauffenberg had even initially welcomed Hitler’s rise to power as he thought the Führer would help to restore Germany’s former pride and prestige before World War I. The assault at Sbiba was halted, so Rommel concentrated on Kasserine Pass where primarily the Italian 7th Bersaglieri Regiment and 131st Armoured Division Centauro had defeated the American defenders. Wrote poetry as a teenager and published articles as an adult. Johann Franz Schenk von Stauffenberg was born in Lautlingen on 18 February 1658, the fourth son of Wolfgang Friedrich Schenk von Stauffenberg and his wife Anna Barbara née Wernau. Learned to speak English to native level within two years. There was a time when they were simply a beautiful young couple in love. Synopsis Claus von Stauffenberg, entered the German army in 1926 and won distinction as a staff officer in the campaigns in Poland and northern France. In 1926, he joined the family's traditional regiment, the Bamberger Reiter- und Kavallerieregiment 17 (17th Cavalry Regiment) in Bamberg. In 1929 he finished his training in Hanover as sixth-best of his age group and as best in cavalry. Despite his role as an army officer, von Stauffenberg was horrified by the actions of Adolph Hitler and the Nazi Party. [42] He justified himself to Bussche by referring to the right under natural law (Naturrecht) to defend millions of people's lives from the criminal aggressions of Hitler. ... Stauffenberg seemed to regard him merely as an incidental source of background information. When he was about 11 he designed a plan how to rebuild the entire family castle. Juli 1944. [51] More than 200 were condemned in show trials and executed. Auflage 2004; Page 961; harvnb error: no target: CITEREFHoffmann1994 (. Although one of the best trainees of his age group, Claus was not popular with his superiors because of minor rule-breaking. Her husband, Col. Claus Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg, led the failed attempt to kill Hitler on July 20, 1944, when a bomb was placed under a conference table. Alexander von Stauffenberg, Claus’s brother who was fighting in Greece and had nothing to do with the conspiracy, was sent to Dachau and was able to live long enough to be liberated by the Allies. The ancestral castle of the nobility was the last part of the title, which was Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg and used as part of the name. He further writes, "If then, as Evans notes with initial objectivity, Stauffenberg had a strong moral imperative – whether this stemmed from an aristocratic code of honour, Catholic doctrine or Romantic poetry – then this also underpinned his initial affinity for National Socialism which Stauffenberg misinterpreted as 'spiritual renewal'". It reminded me of a time back in the UK, presumably 1994, when fellow leftists invited me to a 50 year memorial rally for von Stauffenberg. His mother was 15 years younger than his father. Conservatives were convinced that he was a ferocious Nazi, and ferocious Nazis were convinced he was an unreconstructed conservative. He let things come to him, and then he made up his mind ... one of his characteristics was that he really enjoyed playing the devil's advocate. She was born in prison, wher Author Konstanze von Schulthess presents her book about the life of her mother Nina Schenk Graefin von Stauffenberg titled 'Nina Schenk Graefin von Stauffenberg' in Berlin, Germany, 22 April 2008. Gisevius was understandably upset by Stauffenberg's attitude toward him. Four children resulted from the marriage: Berthold Maria (born 3 July 1934), Heimeran (born 9 July 1936), Franz Ludwig (born 4 May 1938) and Valerie (born 15 November 1940). [to Friedrich Fromm's secretary when realizing the July 20 plot has failed] They have all left me high and dry. The Ersatzheer had a unique opportunity to launch a coup, as one of its functions was to have Operation Valkyrie in place. Stefan George’s influence on Claus was immense and life-long. During a dancing lesson he met the mother of his future wife Nina, who raved about him to her daughter when she came home from boarding school. Historian Peter Hoffman questions Gisevius's evaluations based on the latter's brief acquaintance with Stauffenberg, misreporting of Stauffenberg's actions, and apparent rivalry with him: Gisevius met Stauffenberg for the first time in Berlin on July 12, 1944, eight days before the colonel's last assassination attempt against Hitler. Claus von Stauffenberg is in my lists of noble men because he gave everything to stop injustice. Was Baltic/Austrian from his mother's side and Swabian from his father's side. This was a difficult task for him as he had lost his right hand and had only three fingers on his left hand. In 2008, Konstanze von Schulthess-Rechberg wrote a best-selling book about her mother, Nina Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg. His resolve, organisational abilities, and radical approach put an end to inactivity caused by doubts and long discussions on whether military virtues had been made obsolete by Hitler's behaviour. In view of Gisevius's own record as a transmitter of historical information for which he had displayed strong personal feelings, and in light of what is known about both Gisevius's alleged sources and Stauffenberg himself, Gisevius's account is at best questionable hearsay. - IMDb Mini Biography By: Claus Philipp Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg was a German military officer who served in the German military during World War II. After the bomb plot failed, von Stauffenberg … A bright student, at nineteen he became an officer cadet. After his return to Berlin, Stauffenberg immediately began to motivate his friends to initiate the second phase: the military coup against the Nazi leaders. The documents in February 1945 in my lists of noble men because he gave everything to stop injustice mother! April 2006 at Kirchlauter near Bamberg, and ferocious Nazis were convinced he was ill, mainly with and... 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