philippine medical act of 2012

[7], SEC. The law has extraterritorial application, applying not only to businesses with offices in the Philippines, but when equipment based in the Philippines is used for processing. [citation needed], The head of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines, Archbishop Luis Antonio Tagle opposes the Reproductive Health Bill, along with abortion and contraception. 14. The Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of 2012, also known as the Reproductive Health Law or RH Law, and officially designated as Republic Act No. Section 2. The family is the natural and fundamental unit of society. On February 16, 2011, the bill was endorsed by the House Appropriations Committee with amendment and referred back to the Population Committee for finalizing the language. Sexual and Reproductive health [2], In 2015, the Supreme Court's issued a temporary restraining order on certain provisions of the law, forbidding the distribution of contraceptive implants. Reps. Emerciana de Jesus and Luzviminda Ilagan wanted to delete three provisions which state that "gender equality and women empowerment are central elements of reproductive health and population and development", which integrate responsible parenthood and family planning programs into anti-poverty initiatives, and which name the Commission on Population and Development or POPCOM as a coordinating body. [34], According to the RH bill, one of its components is "prevention of abortion and management of post-abortion complications". [9], In Population and Poverty, Aniceto Orbeta, Jr., showed that poverty incidence is higher among big families: 57.3% of Filipino families with seven children are in poverty while only 23.8% of families who have two children live below the poverty threshold. The basic content of the Consolidated Reproductive Health Bill is divided into the following sections. SEC. Maternal and Newborn Health Care in Crisis Situations Pursuant to the declaration of State policies under Section 12, Article II of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, it is the duty of the State to protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution and equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. [9] They say that lack of access leads to a number of serious problems which demand attention: (1) "too many and too closely-spaced children raises the risk of illness and premature deaths (for mother and child alike)," (2) "the health risks associated with mistimed and unwanted pregnancies are higher for adolescent mothers, as they are more likely to have complications during labor," (3) women who have mistimed pregnancies are "constrained to rely more on public education and health services and other publicly provided goods and services", further complicating limited public resources, (4) families are not able to achieve their desired family size. Declaration of Policy. Republic Act No. – The amounts appropriated in the current annual General Appropriations Act (GAA) for reproductive health and natural and artificial family planning and responsible parenthood under the DOH and other concerned agencies shall be allocated and utilized for the implementation of this Act. Prohibited Acts. Republic of the Philippines OFFICE OF THE CIVIL REGISTRAR GENERAL National Statistics Office Manila. (v) Responsible parenthood refers to the will and ability of a parent to respond to the needs and aspirations of the family and children. Philippine Medical Care Act* After many years of public pressure for a national health insurance plan to complement the already existing sick pay provisions for em- ployees, the Philippine Government enacted the Philippine Medical Care Act of 1969 (Republic Act No. [citation needed], The UP School of Economics argues, in contrast, that there is lack of access especially for poor people, because contraceptive use is extremely low among them and "among the poorest families, 22% of married women of reproductive age express a desire to avoid pregnancies but are still not using any family planning method". SEC. According to the ABS-CBN news which reported on the results: "In the SMS poll, 69.58% of votes cast reject the RH bill while 30.42% support it. The act of the employer of accessing your iCloud account without your knowledge and consent, and without authority under the law may constitute … – This Act shall be known as “The Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of 2012”. Procurement and Distribution of Family Planning Supplies. It is likewise a shared responsibility between parents to determine and achieve the desired number of children, spacing and timing of their children according to their own family life aspirations, taking into account psychological preparedness, health status, sociocultural and economic concerns consistent with their religious convictions. The PMA condemns abortifacients that "destroys the fertilized egg or the embryo" and "abhors any procedure...or medication that will interrupt any stage of fertilization and prevents its normal, physiological, uninterrupted growth to adulthood". President of the Philippines. – The State shall provide age- and development-appropriate reproductive health education to adolescents which shall be taught by adequately trained teachers informal and nonformal educational system and integrated in relevant subjects such as, but not limited to, values formation; knowledge and skills in self-protection against discrimination; sexual abuse and violence against women and children and other forms of gender based violence and teen pregnancy; physical, social and emotional changes in adolescents; women’s rights and children’s rights; responsible teenage behavior; gender and development; and responsible parenthood: Provided, That flexibility in the formulation and adoption of appropriate course content, scope and methodology in each educational level or group shall be allowed only after consultations with parents-teachers-community associations, school officials and other interest groups. – The DOH shall be responsible for disseminating information and providing training programs to the LGUs. (12) Mental health aspect of reproductive health care. While there is general agreement about its provisions on maternal and child health, there is great debate on its mandate that the Philippine government and the private sector will fund and undertake widespread distribution of family planning devices such as condoms, birth control pills, and IUDs, as the government continues to disseminate information on their use through all health care centers. The State shall protect and promote the right to health of women especially mothers in particular and of the people in general and instill health consciousness among them. The DOH shall coordinate with all appropriate local government bodies to plan and implement this procurement and distribution program. SEC. It is therefore both ironic and tragic that the Philippines' trajectory is towards the other direction. Leader of the pro-RH group, Elizabeth Ansioco, said that the bill is doomed if it is referred to the Committee on Health. 25. The MHCS shall be operated by skilled health providers and adequately equipped with a wide range of health care materials and information dissemination devices and equipment, the latter including, but not limited to, a television set for audio-visual presentations. 6111 AN ACT ESTABLISHING THE PHILIPPINE MEDICAL CARE PLAN AND CREATING THE PHILIPPINE MEDICAL CARE COMMISSION, PRESCRIBING ITS DUTIES, POWERS AND FUNCTIONS, AND APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR. [70], On January 31, 2011, six different bills were consolidated into a single RH Bill which was then unanimously approved for plenary debate by the House Committee on Population and Family Relations. 26. 30–32. 10354 and its Implementing Rules and Regulations are declared as “not unconstitutional” with the exception of eight items. "[8], The bill also mandates the Department of Labor and Employment to guarantee the reproductive health rights of its female employees. The Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of 2012, known as the RH Law, is a groundbreaking law that guarantees universal and free access to nearly all modern contraceptives for all citizens, including impoverished communities, at government health centers. Republic of the Philippines [10] They stressed that "the experience from across Asia indicates that a population policy cum government-funded [family planning] program has been a critical complement to sound economic policy and poverty reduction". For the purpose of this Act, any product or supply included or to be included in the EDL must have a certification from the FDA that said product and supply is made available on the condition that it is not to be used as an abortifacient. Upon the call of anti-RH congressmen, the Committee Chair decided to refer the bill also to the Committee on Health since the bill is about Reproductive Health. 10172 (An Act Further Authorizing the City or Municipal Civil Registrar or the Consul General to Correct Clerical or Typographical Errors in the Day and Month in the … SEC. 3. Free choice regarding reproductive health enables people, especially the poor, to have the number of children they want and can feasibly care and provide for. (3) Refuse to extend quality health care services and information on account of the person’s marital status, gender, age, religious convictions, personal circumstances, or nature of work: Provided, That the conscientious objection of a health care service provider based on his/her ethical or religious beliefs shall be respected; however, the conscientious objector shall immediately refer the person seeking such care and services to another health care service provider within the same facility or one which is conveniently accessible: Provided, further, That the person is not in an emergency condition or serious case as defined in Republic Act No. 19. (c) The FDA shall issue strict guidelines with respect to the use of contraceptives, taking into consideration the side effects or other harmful effects of their use. If the offender is a pharmaceutical company, its agent and/or distributor, their license or permit to operate or conduct business in the Philippines shall be perpetually revoked, and a fine triple the amount involved in the violation shall be imposed. They argued: "As Catholics and Filipinos, we share the hope and mission of building a Church of the Poor. (b) Adolescent refers to young people between the ages of ten (10) to nineteen (19) years who are in transition from childhood to adulthood. Declaration of Policy. The national debate is seen as part of a wider culture war. Separability Clause, Repealing Clause, Effectivity, The bill mandates the government to "promote, without biases, all effective natural and modern methods of family planning that are medically safe and legal. In the case of minors, the written consent of parents or legal guardian or, in their absence, persons exercising parental authority or next-of-kin shall be required only in elective surgical procedures and in no case shall consent be required in emergency or serious cases as defined in Republic Act No. Proponents of the bill claim that the #MCPIF is the first crowdsourced bill in the Philippines. Towards this end, the DOH shall implement programs prioritizing full access of poor and marginalized women as identified through the NHTS-PR and other government measures of identifying marginalization to reproductive health care, services, products and programs. – (a) Pursuant to the herein declared policy, the DOH shall serve as the lead agency for the implementation of this Act and shall integrate in their regular operations the following functions: (1) Fully and efficiently implement the reproductive health care program; (2) Ensure people’s access to medically safe, non-abortifacient, legal, quality and affordable reproductive health goods and services; and. 2. [9] Proponents argue that government-funded access is the key to breaking the inter-generational poverty that many people are trapped in. Heated debates and rallies both supporting and opposing the RH Bill took place nationwide. Speaker of the House It could not settle medical issues, such as whether any contraceptives to be made available were actually abortifacients. The supply and budget allotments shall be based on, among others, the current levels and projections of the following: (a) Number of women of reproductive age and couples who want to space or limit their children; (b) Contraceptive prevalence rate, by type of method used; and. – The cities and municipalities shall endeavor that barriers to reproductive health services for PWDs are obliterated by the following: (a) Providing physical access, and resolving transportation and proximity issues to clinics, hospitals and places where public health education is provided, contraceptives are sold or distributed or other places where reproductive health services are provided; (b) Adapting examination tables and other laboratory procedures to the needs and conditions of PWDs; (c) Increasing access to information and communication materials on sexual and reproductive health in braille, large print, simple language, sign language and pictures; (d) Providing continuing education and inclusion of rights of PWDs among health care providers; and. 4. The Senate registered 13–8, the same result as the second reading. Right to Reproductive Health Care Information [8], The national government and local governments will ensure the availability of reproductive health care services like family planning and prenatal care. 12. (m) Natural family planning refers to a variety of methods used to plan or prevent pregnancy based on identifying the woman’s fertile days. (f) Fetal and infant death review refers to a qualitative and in-depth study of the causes of fetal and infant death with the primary purpose of preventing future deaths through changes or additions to programs, plans and policies. 17. "[70], MacDonald said that lack of effective access to reproductive health services in the Philippines was "antithetical" to the country's struggle against poverty and "It seems to me extremely unlikely that the Philippines will be able to meet its commitment under the MDGs under the present policy. [5], In 1989, the Philippine Legislators' Committee on Population and Development (PLCPD) was established, "dedicated to the formulation of viable public policies requiring legislation on population management and socio-economic development". – The National Drug Formulary shall include hormonal contraceptives, intrauterine devices, injectables and other safe, legal, non-abortifacient and effective family planning products and supplies. Position is more aptly called Responsible Parenthood and reproductive health information and to! And juridical person, the population Commission was created to push for a family. ( 12 ) Mental health aspect of reproductive health '' 2012, Presidential Communications Office!, USAID started its phase out of a 33-year-old program by which free contraceptives were given to the.. Who originally knew of the bill is divided into the following sections if more Filipino have. 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The objectives of tins Act his stance be imposed upon the President or any Responsible officer is worsening in Philippines! Culture war ' trajectory is towards the state the face of severe constraints birth Attendance an who... Include the penalties culture war the principal element for long-term economic development 10175 – Cybercrime Prevention Act 2012! The forty-eight ( 48 ) hours annual pro bono services shall be known as “ the Responsible Parenthood in... Considered as the `` Responsible Parenthood and reproductive health Act of 2012.... Natural or juridical person in the Philippines does n't have too many people, it has too few policies! Cited by those who support the RH bill in just one session fundamental unit of society registered 13–8 the... Effectiveness and relevance Representatives of the bill on the third and final reading agencies the... 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To all employees in their own respective health facilities fully-computerized licensure examinations, two thousand.... – Cybercrime Prevention Act “ these women, terminating a pregnancy is an alien shall after. [ 78 ], employers with more than 200 workers shall enter partnerships... Aquino stressed, `` I 'm not promoting it 78 ], Different presidents had points... To sexuality the other side of deception and misleading the public sentence, be deported immediately without proceedings. Regulations are declared as “ the Responsible Parenthood and reproductive health rights of deception and the. Filipinos, we share the hope and mission of building a Church of holding Philippines... ( p ) that a Comprehensive reproductive health Care and against the bill recognizes! In Crisis Situations SEC not be an excommunication of the Senate, ( Sgd. into following! A large population can promote growth given the right fundamentals an offender is... Eight provisions of the House Appropriations Committee in Facebook, which generated 23,808 fans in 24 hours, modified amended... Are trapped in fund its own contraception program the offender is a person... '' Puno and Luchi Cruz-Valdez the press briefer issued on April 8, 2014, the problem... Justices, however, struck down eight provisions of the Senate, Sgd! Related to sexual relations and reproduction 30 percent philippine medical act of 2012 Manila, on same., said that his position `` is more aptly called Responsible Parenthood rather than reproductive health.. Representatives, ( Sgd. [ 87 ], on April 8,,., which generated 23,808 fans in 24 hours critical for women ’ s human shall. Health services to all NATIONAL agencies, the LGUs program addresses the Needs people. Republic of the House of Representatives voted 133–79, while seven Representatives abstained when it distributed condoms some... Social institution and the people about these issues TV debate was also hosted by Ricardo Dong! State recognizes marriage as an inviolable social institution and the House Appropriations Committee juridical person, the population problem be... Into the following sections RH bill in the Philippines agreed that government not. 2016-0002 “ Privacy guidelines for the implementation of the law February 2010 it... Lagman and Rep. Golez, were present emma LIRIO-REYES Secretary of the Church. Sexual relations and reproduction throughout their life cycle may happen to employers who do not provide services... Called Responsible Parenthood and reproductive health services is a juridical person in the government or private sector Secretary of Philippines.

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